realpath — print the resolved path


realpath [OPTION...] FILE...


Print the resolved absolute file name; all but the last component must exist

−e, −−canonicalize−existing

all components of the path must exist

−m, −−canonicalize−missing

no components of the path need exist

−L, −−logical

resolve '..' components before symlinks

−P, −−physical

resolve symlinks as encountered (default)

−q, −−quiet

suppress most error messages


print the resolved path relative to FILE


print absolute paths unless paths below FILE

−s, −−strip, −−no−symlinks

don't expand symlinks

−z, −−zero

separate output with NUL rather than newline


display this help and exit


output version information and exit


Written by Padraig Brady.


Report realpath bugs to bug−

GNU coreutils home page: <>

General help using GNU software: <>

Report realpath translation bugs to <>


readlink(1), readlink(2), realpath(3)

The full documentation for realpath is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and realpath programs are properly installed at your site, the command

  • info coreutils 'realpath invocation'

should give you access to the complete manual.


Copyright © 2013 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <>.

This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.